09 Mar 2015
IN SOME INDIAN VILLAGES IN RAINFED RICE CULTIVATION STATES, WOMEN REPORTED THE TIME TAKEN TO COLLECT WATER INCREASED TO MORE THAN FIVE HOURS A DAY IN LOW RAINFALL YEARS. PHOTO CREDIT: DIGANTA TALUKDAR, CC BY 2.0
For the last 10 years, I have been working on gender-mainstreaming in economic policies and development programmes in Asia. Using this lens to analyze the deep-rooted iniquities that still characterize much of the world today has become all the more relevant. There is a growing mountain of evidence that policies as well as external shocks such as climate change affect men and women differently, given locations and social and economic strata among other things.
A new research paper Blame it on the Rain?: Gender differentiated impacts of drought on agricultural wage and work in India, published earlier this year confirms what we have known intuitively for a long time. The author, Kanika Mahajan, was one of 80 fellows who attended a two-week course on gender and macroeconomics that I organized with financial support from the Government of Japan. After the course, she applied the knowledge and techniques to her own country’s context and assessed the impacts of climate change on women and men in farming communities. Her findings provides us compelling evidence and insights in designing climate finance policies and programming.
Rice, a staple food in Asia, is a water-intensive crop, and the cultivation of rice requires more labour days, particularly for women, …